Habronattus virgulatus by Thomas Shahan
Habronattus virgulatus, by Thomas Shahan

Thomas Shahan & Macro Photography

In terms of color, I roll back all the saturation levels in the camera so the photographs look kinda washed out right out of the camera, so I’ll set a new white point, and set a new black point, and do a little bit of basic color correction and level adjustments, but all the colors that you see are there… albeit they might be a little enhanced by boosting the contrast of the photograph a little bit, but you know, if the spider is displayed as red, it’s a red spider… and I try to do my best to interpret these colors.

horsefly, by thomas shahan
Thomas Shahan Horsefly

And also, innately, lots of arthropods are very very colorful, due not only to sexual selection, but for warning displays. For example, Phidippus apacheanus is a jumping spider which trying to look like a velvet ant, and velvet ants are a very deep, saturated orange, so the spider is a really deep, intense, saturated orange. Lots of the faces of these jumping spiders are also vibrant and intense and colorful due to sexual selection or displaying to the females. People don’t question the coloration of tropical birds in photos… but when they see macro photographs, it’s easy to be critical and say “Oh, he punched up the colors on this,” which is probably the case sometimes, but these really are colorful bugs, and the backgrounds are often colorful because I’ll find the brightest leaf just as I’ll find the cleanest, brightest jumping spider.

JMG: Are you working with manual flash?

Habronattus virgulatus by Thomas Shahan
Thomas Shahan Habronattus virgulatus

Shahan: There’s no metering of any kind. I’ll be lucky if the flash fires. The flash that I’ve used for most of my photography, up until recently, didn’t have any settings in terms of brightness or other adjustments; the flash that I use now has a couple of different settings, like 1/2 power, 1/4 power, etc, so yeah, its just an old 1970s or 80s Vivitar flash that’s just triggered by an off-camera mount.

What I try to explain to people when they get excited about macro photography and think that they have to spend a bunch of money on equipment is that they just need to take the time to figure out what type of photography they’re interested in; there are always frugal solutions… maybe not with birding or astrophotography… but certainly with macro. I developed a lot of the stuff that I’m interested in by looking at someone’s work on flickr; there’s this Brazilian guy who goes by “Techuser”, though I don’t know his true name (João P. Burini). He used a point and shoot Canon for the longest time with weird little lens attachments, and he used a paper-towel flash diffuser with the pop-up flash.  I was incredibly jealous of his photography, and he was probably only using $90 worth of equipment. So it’s not about the equipment, it’s about the time you invest in it.

JMG: I understand that you’re now teaching some seminars?

Phidippus regius, by Thomas Shahan
Thomas Shahan Phidippus regius

Shahan: Yeah, this has been a relatively new thing that has popped up, because macro photography is kind of a tough thing to teach; so much of it is just trial and error, and you get lucky from time to time and you get a cool shot. There are some simple things you can teach, though, like the methods of magnification, how to do things on a budget, things to consider, basic entomological knowledge… all of these things are really helpful for macro photography. So me, Alex Wild, Piotr Naskrecki, and John Abbott are all going to be in a macro photography workshop in Belize called Bugshot, and we’ve done a couple of Bugshots in the past… one in Missouri, one in Florida. Apparently there’s enough demand for this, and for people who are interested in macro photography it seems to be a worthwhile investment to spend some time with entomologists and get some basic understanding of photography. I’m not an entomologist, but these other guys are. I’m kinda the DIY, don’t stress out about it, have fun, get excited about bugs kind of guy, and they’re the actual entomologists, and they have some more technical presentations about what to look for, and details of exposure, and one of the guys does high-speed flash photography… capturing insects in flight, but we’re all quite different photographers.

You can see more of Thomas Shahan’s work on his flickr page and at his own website. There may also still be space available for the next Bugshot workshop in Belize, if you’re ready to take the plunge.


Still have questions about macro photography or Thomas’ methods? I spent more time talking with him than I’m willing to transcribe, but if anything is unclear, I may be able to fill in some details for you, so just ask in the “comments” section below.

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Manikandan viswanathan

I found some of the photographs from here are used unauthorised in an Instagram account .

I just wanted the creators to know that


Hi Matthew … Can you please tell me what the name or model number is to the flash bracket with the swivel head is that Thomas uses ? Thank you …..


I really enjoyed the interview, but i still got one question.
I know most of his photos are image stacked, but how does Thomas do that without a tripod? Which software are used and which technics are used when taking the photos?
– Julius

Deborah Zinn

Hello, I’m confused as ‘point & shoot’ cameras used to have the ‘flower’ macro mode. The newer cameras that I’m looking at buying, e.g., Sony WX300, don’t have macro mode anymore. (The touch screen on my Sony T200 died after 6 years & it won’t go into macro mode anymore.) A friend says she was told by a camera shop that the new cameras, like the WX300) now sense the object/closeness & automatically go into macro mode. Is this correct? I photograph a lot of beads (jewellery) and flowers — so macro is a ‘must’. I’ve been searching for an answer on the web & couldn’t find one. Will a camera like the Sony WX300 take good macro photographs (I’m not a professional, but…) I really enjoyed your article & now have purchased a little macro band for my camera/phone. But want a ‘regular’ camera, too. Thanks for any thoughts you might have. Also if you know what ‘jargon’ words I could use on Google to search for info on this question, would also be appreciated! Deborah Australia/USA

Deborah Zinn

Thank you!

Jim M

I do a lot of macro and I’ve looked up to him for years. I’d like to say I am good at what I do- that’s to say I am skilled, but I still can’t take the shots I want. For example, while I am proficient at getting my subject lit well from the flash, I am nowhere hear where I’d like to be for backgrounds. This really it’s a question; more of a comment and I know it’s something to work on and towards. Great article and interview.


Excellent post. I don’t do a lot of macro because I just don’t favor it that much any more, but I do have the Raynox 250 and for a decent price, it’s not a bad tool. Like all photo gear, all depends on what you put into it.